We have come to
the last of the 14 principles of management Henri Fayol advocated for any
institution that means to sustain itself with success as a permanent mode of
its operation and the last principle is what he calls ‘esprit de corps’. It is a French word meaning in essence the
sense of pride one feels in belonging to a team or a group.
common enthusiasm, an ever increasing spirit of oneness of feeling among the
members of a group binds the members of the group in an inviolable
relationship. A good organization must inhere, develop this vital team spirit
that will take the institution to newer heights of performance.
The first mark
of this esprit de corps in an organization is the members of the organization
are generally happy and despite differences of domestic and social situation,
they focus on the success of the organization. But, here, it must be heavily
underscored that the management of the organization must encourage in all
possible ways the spirit of team living there. In other words, there is a clear
understanding between the management and the workforce, marked by interest in
backdrop of the esprit de corps, there is harmony among the employees. Harmony
brings in many excellent virtues in the organization. First, there will be
competition but it will be without jealousy which means it recognizes merit.
The employees understand one another both in terms of their merits and
demerits. This understanding motivates them to work harder for the employer
without any sort of jealousy and hostility. This infuses in the employees the rare quality
of the sense of belongingness; they look at the organization as an extended
family and this is true of the management also.
Where there is
the sense of belongingness, it renders vigilant constant supervision by the
authorities less arduous if not administratively unnecessary. Lapses are understood and steps are taken to
correct them so that they do not recur; they are not administratively
criticized but professionally explained. This consideration makes the employee
more aware of his strength and weakness.
Esprit de corps,
therefore, must be consciously encouraged so that work and living balance
themselves with least conflict and contradiction. Stress due to work never crosses the limits
landing them into neurotic conflict which takes away the joy of life both from
the institution and the family. In a
way, where there is this most desirable esprit de corps rules, the other
principles of management turn out to be pleasant exercises and not
administrative burden and nightmare.