** Sagar Sandesh print version ceases to be published from December 31, 2017. New look E-paper would be available from Jan. 1, 2018 onwards. free of cost.**

STUDENTSí CORNER - 101

As a significant part of logistics, physical distribution which is itself a part of a very large process called distribution, has some key functions which, incidentally, we have seen their basics while discussing logistics and its integral components.
The key functions of physical distribution are customer service, order processing, inventory control, transportation logistics and packaging and materials. We have seen in some details what these functions are earlier in our study of the logistics components. We will try to add new facts leaving aside those already seen.
Physical distribution management, a complex process, forms one of the weightiest elements of any business.  It refers in simple to the movement of products from their source to their destination.  Actually, this occupies a top place in marketing making marketing an efficient process that sees to it that the customer is satisfied.
Distribution as such can be studied in terms of channels of distribution.  Let us see them briefly.
 Business talks about Indirect, Direct, Intensive, Selective and Exclusive types of distribution.
In Direct distribution channel, the firm itself directly deals with the customer in the sense that the producer sells his products directly to the customers without any intermediary or intermediaries.  But in the Indirect distribution channel, obviously the producer uses intermediaries to reach his customers, intermediaries like the wholesaler and retailer.  A direct distribution may involve face-to-face sales, or mail order; in whatever context, the original manufacturer or the producer acts directly and distributes his products to the customers. Farmersí selling their products on their site or in the farmers markets is a good example of direct distribution.
Direct distribution has both advantages and disadvantages.  The greatest advantage is the profit margin.  There are no intermediaries claiming their share of profit. Exploitation of Internet brings in great advantage because of its customer-friendliness; customers can access to Internet at their convenience 24 hours a day.
Direct distribution has its disadvantage too. It cannot compete with wholesalers with its very much limited geographical reach.  Individual selling his products cannot hope to reach the volume of business a chain of stalls can reach with just a little effort.
Having seen Distribution and its basic points, we shall move on to the next objective of logistics: Inventory Reduction

Disclaimer
Copyright © 2018 PORT TO PORT - Shipping Services Portal ( Sagar Sandesh ). All rights reserved.

Follow Us