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Operational National Waterways in the country highlighted

Out of the 111 National Waterways (NWs) declared under the National Waterways Act, 2016, 13 NWs are operational for shipping and navigation and cargo/passenger vessels are moving on them. The details of operational NWs are as follows:

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) has put in place a structured management and monitoring system with competent and experienced professionals, to ensure that the projects on NWs are qualitatively executed in a time-bound manner. In addition, the progress of execution of projects is regularly reviewed at various levels within IWAI and the government.


Inland Water Transport (IWT) mode is widely recognised as environment-friendly and cost-effective mode of transport. As per RITES Report of 2014 on Integrated National Waterways Transportation Grid, some of the important benefits of IWT mode compared to rail and road transportation are fuel efficiency and cost savings as given below: 

i. 1 Litre of fuel moves 24 tonne-km on road, 95 tonne-km on rail and 215 tonne-km on IWT. 

ii. Comparative cost for movement of freight.

In addition to the economic and environmental benefits, IWT aims to create for the shippers and logistics players, an alternative to the two dominant modes of transport, viz. road and rail. 

Minister of State for Shipping, Mr Pon. Radhakrishnan, gave this information in reply to a question in the Lok Sabha, said a release.


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