* 10 per cent export growth, 9 per cent import
* Competitive pricing drives onion exports growth
by 15 per cent
* 20 per cent growth in shrimp exports from India
* Cement exports rise as global infrastructure
industry gains momentum
* Major turnaround in exports from West India,
while East India experiences rapid import growth
India’s Containerised Trade with the world has
grown 10 per cent year-on-year according to the third quarter 2018 trade report
released by Maersk, the World’s largest Container Shipping Company.
competitiveness of Indian exports, coupled with improved demand in various
destination countries, has propelled exports to grow at 10 per cent
year-on-year. The demand for India-made goods such as vehicles and mechanical
appliances as well as refrigerated cargo such as onions, meat, seafood and
pharmaceuticals have driven exports.
Simultaneously, imports have risen 9 per cent
year-on-year, largely dominated by a heavy inflow of paper, metal and white
goods. Overall, the containerised market has displayed strength, with far less
fluctuation compared to the previous year.
Commenting on the healthy containerised growth,
Mr Steve Felder, Managing Director for Maersk Line - South Asia, said,
"The upward movement in global commodity prices, depreciation of the
Indian rupee and recent major shipping-logistics reforms such as liberalised
cabotage policy and Direct Port Delivery of imports are instrumental in
supporting the export-import trade between India and global markets.
With fast growing trade figures that are
significantly higher than the estimated global containerised demand growth
(which in fact slowed during Q3), coupled with strategic competitive pricing,
India is emerging as a favourable trade destination for both advanced and
The United States, the United Arab Emirates and
Nigeria have become significant export destinations for exporters from West
India. While the exports from West India witnessed a contraction of 15 per cent
in Q3 2017, the exports increased by 10 per cent* year-on-year in Q3 2018 on
the back of high volume exports of India-made automobiles and machinery.
On the opposite end in the east coast ports of
the country rising demand for chemicals, metals, machinery and white goods have
been driving import growth at 9 per cent year-on-year for East India. Countries
like the United States, Canada, United Kingdom and South Korea have been the
leading import origins for this growing region.
In terms of commodity trade, the high demand for
pharmaceuticals, vehicles, metals and seafood have driven the import-export
trade in international markets.
The Indian pharma sector witnessed high export
growth to North American nations in Q3 2018, doubling in volume. Strong demand
from regions of Latin America, Africa and surrounding countries like Nepal,
Bangladesh and Sri Lanka have pushed exports of India-made vehicles to grow 36
per cent year-on-year. Metal imports have increased 33 per cent year-on-year,
on the back of metal scrap driving this growth into the North and West regions
With an eye on the upcoming year, Mr Felder said:
"Although the sector is looking at maintaining strong growth in the coming
year, the logistics infrastructure—which is the backbone of the industry—needs
to be strengthened simultaneously. The government is aligned to this objective,
as we have witnessed a cluster of initiatives towards making India a global
superpower, including—amongst others—the ‘Make in India’ campaign. The efforts
to create a more pro-business, investor-friendly environment are clearly
visible as the economy recently advanced 23 spots to rank 77th in the World
Bank’s latest ‘Ease of Doing Business’ index. As the industry foresees and
awaits the benefits of cabotage relaxation and streamlining of exporters’ GST
refunds, digitisation and blockchain technology in the supply chain
infrastructure is set to transform the logistics industry in the coming
* Y-o-Y percentage is comparison of Q3 2018, with
same period last year, i.e. Q3 2017
**Annual period 2017-2018 considered in the
report is YoY Jan.-Dec.