Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has approved the proposal for
electrification of balance un-electrified Broad Gauge routes of Indian Railways
(IR) comprising 108 sections covering
13,675 route kilometers (16,540 track kilometers) at a cost of Rs.12,134.50
electrification is likely to be completed by 2021-22. The official release
announcing the cabinetís decision however did not mention the names of states
which will benefit by the decision.
major trunk routes on Indian Railways network have already been electrified and
are operational. Considering the requirement for seamless operation of rail
traffic across the network, it is necessary that the bottlenecks created by the
need to change traction are done away with. The proposed electrification, which
is mainly for missing links and last mile connectivity will increase the
operational efficiency, enhance the line capacity and improve the average speed
approved electrification will reduce the use of imported fossil fuels thereby
improve energy security to the Nation. After the planned electrification, there
would be reduction in the consumption of high speed diesel oil by about 2.83
billion litres per annum and a reduction in GHG emissions. This will also
reduce environmental impact of Railways.
around two thirds of freight and more than half of passenger traffic in Indian
Railways moves on electric traction. However, electric traction accounts for
just 37 per cent of the total energy expenses of Indian Railways. Due to this
advantage, post electrification, Indian Railways is likely to save Rs 13,510
crore per annum in fuel bill and the same will improve its finances. The
approved electrification will generate direct employment of about 20.4 crore
man days during the period of construction.
benefits from this decision are listed below:
100 per cent
electrification will provide seamless train operation by eliminating
detention of trains due to change in traction from diesel to electric and vice
versa. It will help Railways in enhancing line capacity due to higher
speed & higher haulage capacity of electric locomotives
The Improved signalling system will lead to enhanced
safety in train operation
In line with the
new Auto Fuel Policy of the Government, total shift to electric traction will reduce
fossil fuel consumption of about 2.83 billion liters per annum/ Reduced
dependence on imported petroleum based fuels will ensure energy security to
Energy bill savings
in fuel bill to the extent of Rs. 13,510 cr per annum. Electrification of
sections covered under this decision will result in net savings of Rs. 3,793Crores
per annum/ Reduced expenditure on maintenance of locomotive as electric
locomotive maintenance cost is Rs. 16.45 per thousand GTKM compared to
diesel locomotive maintenance cost which is Rs. 32.84 per thousand GTKM.
Regeneration facility of electric locomotives will save 15-20% energy. Reduced
overall requirement of electric loco due to higher horse power
footprint as environmental cost per Tonne Km for Electric Traction is 1.5 Paisa
and for Diesel Traction 5.1 paisa. In line with commitment made by India in
COP21, total shift to electric traction will reduce CO2 emission of Railways by
24% till 2027-28. Green house gas emission for electric traction will fall
below diesel traction by 2019-20 making it environmentally friendly option.
during construction phase for about 20.4 crore Man days.
aforementioned benefits, complete electrification will act as a catalyst for
the modernization process and deliver greater economic benefits.