Coastal cargo handling in all the ports of the country including the
ones controlled by the state government has touched a record high of 234
million tons during the last financial year 2017-18, about sixteen per cent
more than what was handled by them during the previous year
coal has emerged as the leading commodity transported by ships from coal fields
in Bengal Jharkhand states to thermal plants in southern India mostly Tamil
Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. The recent steps taken by the Shipping Ministry to promote
coastal shipping have increased the coastal movement of steel, food grains,
fertilizers and automobiles besides cement.
Government push for movement of goods through waterways has resulted in shift
of cargo from road and rail to coastal waterways. The average annual growth of
cargo moved through coastal waterways has increased by 10 times since the
Government came to power, according the official sources
average growth rate of coastal shipping was only 1.4 per cent between 2009-10
and 2013-14. This increased to 14.2 per cent during 2014-15 and 2017-18 period.
We expect this to go up further as the size of parcels get bigger. More players
will shift to coastal movement of such cargo rather than depending on road and
rail,” said a Ministry official.
more than one billion tons of coal, steel, grains and fertilisers are
transported using the coastal sea route and they have specially built coastal
vessels for this purpose.
about 55 per cent of the cargo is transported through roads, about 33 per cent
by railways and 6 per cent each by pipelines and Coastal Shipping.
Shipping Ministry has set the target to double the share of transportation of
cargo through Coastal Shipping and inland water navigation by 2025 under the
of steps taken in the past three-four years have helped the sector, which
include the reduction in GST on bunker fuel to only 5 per cent from the earlier
18 per cent, financial incentives to states and ports for building exclusive berth
for coastal cargo and introducing green channel clearance for coastal cargo.