The two leaders expressed their support
for the work of the Special Representatives on the India China Boundary
Question and urged them to intensify their efforts to seek a fair, reasonable
and mutually acceptable settlement. The two leaders underscored the importance
of maintaining peace and tranquility in all areas of the India-China border
region in the larger interest of the overall development of bilateral
relations. To this end, they issued strategic guidance to their respective
militaries to strengthen communication in order to build trust and mutual
understanding and enhance predictability and effectiveness in the management of
border affairs. The two leaders further directed their militaries to earnestly
implement various confidence building measures agreed upon between the two
sides, including the principle of mutual and equal security, and strengthen
existing institutional arrangements and information sharing mechanisms to
prevent incidents in border regions.
The two leaders agreed to push forward
bilateral trade and investment in a balanced and sustainable manner by taking
advantage of complementarities between their two economies. They also discussed
ways to promote greater cultural and people-to-people exchanges and agreed to
explore establishing new mechanisms in this direction.
Prime Minister Modi and President Xi
underlined that as two major countries India and China have wider and
overlapping regional and global interests. They agreed on their need to
strengthen strategic communication through greater consultation on all matters
of common interest. They believe that such strategic communication will have a
positive influence on enhancing mutual understanding and will contribute to
regional and global stability.
The two leaders agreed that India and
China have separately made major contributions to global peace and prosperity
through their respective growth and economic development, and would continue to
act as engines for global growth in the future. They reiterated the importance
of building an open, multipolar, pluralist and participatory global economic
order which will enable all countries to pursue their development and
contribute to the elimination of poverty and inequality in all regions of the
world. They spoke of their respective efforts to contribute to the regional and
global economic development.
The two leaders also shared views on their
respective foreign policy visions of achieving global prosperity and security.
They agreed to jointly contribute in a positive and constructive way in
facilitating sustainable solutions for global challenges including climate
change, sustainable development, food security etc. They underscored the
importance of reform of multilateral financial and political institutions to
make them representative and responsive to the needs of developing countries.
The two leaders agreed that as two major
countries and emerging economies, India and China, given their vast
developmental experiences and national capacities, should join hands to take
lead in offering innovative and sustainable solutions to challenges faced by
humankind in the 21st century. These include combating diseases, coordinating
action for disaster risk reduction and mitigation, addressing climate change
and ushering digital empowerment. They agreed to pool together their expertise
and resources in these areas and create a global network dedicated to these
challenges for the larger benefit of humanity.
Prime Minister Modi and President Xi
recognized the common threat posed by terrorism, and reiterated their strong
condemnation of and resolute opposition to terrorism in all its forms and
manifestations. They committed themselves to cooperate on counter-terrorism.
The two leaders highly assessed the
opportunity for direct, free and candid exchange of views offered by the
Informal Summit and agreed on the utility of holding more such dialogues in the
future. The forward-looking dialogue raised the level of strategic
communication about the perspective, priorities and vision that guide their
respective policy choices domestically, regionally and globally. It also helped
them in forging a common understanding of the future direction of India-China
relations built upon mutual respect for each other's developmental aspirations
and prudent management of differences with mutual sensitivity.