agencies have received no specific input regarding increased threat from the
sea routes to coastal cities in the country, Minister of state for Defense Dr
Subhash Bhamre informed the Rajya sabha on March 5th. Various agencies of the
central government monitor inputs about likelihood of such attacks since the
carnage in Mumbai on September 26, 2008
National Committee for Strengthening Maritime and Coastal Security (NCSMCS) is
a national-level forum and an apex review mechanism for maritime and coastal
security, in which all concerned ministries and government agencies are
represented. The last meeting of NCSMCS was held on October 20th last
year where such inputs were analysed.
surveillance mechanism has been augmented by provisioning of an electronic /
radar chain called Coastal Surveillance Network (CSN) comprising of Chain of
Static Sensors having radar, Automatic Identification System (AIS), Long Range
Identification and Tracking (LRIT), day / night cameras, communication systems.
measures assist in developing Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) through
interconnecting 51 Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard stations, which has been
established to develop a Common Operational Picture. Vessel Traffic
Management System (VTMS) radars in ports also facilitate surveillance of port
Indian Navy, Indian Coast Guard and State Marine Police, as a three tiered
cover, along with other agencies such as Customs and Port Trusts, patrol the
Maritime Zones of India, islands and adjacent seas, using ships and aircraft to
detect and check infiltration through the sea-routes.
‘26/11’ the Government has taken a number of measures to strengthen coastal,
offshore and maritime security. Broadly, these measures include capacity
augmentation of maritime security agencies for surveillance and patrol of the
nation’s maritime zones; enhanced technical surveillance of coastal and
offshore areas; establishment of mechanisms for inter-agency coordination;
increased regulation of activities in the maritime zones; as also integration
of the fishing and coastal communities.
State-wise Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for coordination among various
agencies on coastal security issues have been formulated. Coastal
Security Exercises are being conducted regularly by Indian Navy and Indian
Coast Guard to assess the effectiveness of existing mechanisms and to address