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JNPT, Kamarajar port, Ennore and Visakhapatnam are best performing major ports: a study

Jawaharlal Nehru Port, Navi Mumbai, Kamarajar port, Ennore near Chennai and Visakhapatnam port have been adjudged as the best performing ports among the major ports in the country which handle nearly seventy per cent of India’s maritime trade according a study on Port Logistics by the US firm Dun and Bradstreet.

The study by the New Jersey firm has introduced a best performance index as an attempt to benchmark performance of various ports by combining qualitative perception of stakeholders with the quantitative outcome based data.

The study covered thirteen major ports which handle 67 per cent of India’s maritime trade and engaging with seven hundred respondents pan India comprising government officials, trade associations, exporters and importers, cargo handling agents and freight forwarders. Feed-back was collected from these stakeholders on both qualitative and quantitative aspect of business transactions of the Ports.

The scope of the study is limited to container and bulk cargo handled at these ports and did not cover handling of liquid cargo including petroleum products.

Three ports JNPT, Nhava Sheva near Mumbai, Kamarajar port Ennore near Chennai and Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh have received good score in the study. Seven ports of Cochin, Kandla, Paradip, Chennai, Mormugoa, New Mangalore and VOC have received average score.

Haldia and Kolkata in West Bengal and Mumbai Port trust have received poor score among the major ports.

The study came across five issues as the most common problems faced by these ports including Port congestion, Customs clearance including scanning and ICEGATE, Shipping line issues and charges, documentation and paperwork and regulatory clearance. They constitute eighty per cent of total issues causing congestion in ports and demurrage paid by ships.

The study also looked into various roadblocks and has come out with suggestions and policy recommendations to resolve the challenges across ports in India. The report was handed over to the Commerce Minister Suresh Prabhu on February 12th.

The study also emphasized the need for Indian exports to grow at an average rate of 26 per cent annually for the next five years in order to achieve a target of five per cent share in world exports.

This would require product competitiveness. Enhancing product competitiveness in the global market needs infrastructure for trade to improve and ports are a critical part of the trade infrastructure.

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