Nehru Port, Navi Mumbai, Kamarajar port, Ennore near Chennai and Visakhapatnam
port have been adjudged as the best performing ports among the major ports in
the country which handle nearly seventy per cent of India’s maritime trade
according a study on Port Logistics by the US firm Dun and Bradstreet.
study by the New Jersey firm has introduced a best performance index as an
attempt to benchmark performance of various ports by combining qualitative
perception of stakeholders with the quantitative outcome based data.
study covered thirteen major ports which handle 67 per cent of India’s maritime
trade and engaging with seven hundred respondents pan India comprising
government officials, trade associations, exporters and importers, cargo
handling agents and freight forwarders. Feed-back was collected from these
stakeholders on both qualitative and quantitative aspect of business
transactions of the Ports.
scope of the study is limited to container and bulk cargo handled at these
ports and did not cover handling of liquid cargo including petroleum products.
ports JNPT, Nhava Sheva near Mumbai, Kamarajar port Ennore near Chennai and
Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh have received good score in the study. Seven
ports of Cochin, Kandla, Paradip, Chennai, Mormugoa, New Mangalore and VOC have
received average score.
and Kolkata in West Bengal and Mumbai Port trust have received poor score among
the major ports.
study came across five issues as the most common problems faced by these ports
including Port congestion, Customs clearance including scanning and ICEGATE,
Shipping line issues and charges, documentation and paperwork and regulatory
clearance. They constitute eighty per cent of total issues causing congestion
in ports and demurrage paid by ships.
study also looked into various roadblocks and has come out with suggestions and
policy recommendations to resolve the challenges across ports in India. The
report was handed over to the Commerce Minister Suresh Prabhu on February 12th.
study also emphasized the need for Indian exports to grow at an average rate of
26 per cent annually for the next five years in order to achieve a target of
five per cent share in world exports.
would require product competitiveness. Enhancing product competitiveness in the
global market needs infrastructure for trade to improve and ports are a
critical part of the trade infrastructure.