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Capacity of 12 Major Ports

The Shipping Ministry has re-rated the capacities of all berths across 12 Major Ports in order to benchmark port capacities with global standards as per Berthing Policy, 2016.

The Re-rating exercise identified an additional capacity of 293MT available with the Major Ports. The effective rated capacity of 12 Major Ports is now 1,359 MT per annum and capacity at desired occupancy is 989 MT per annum. Major port wise capacity is given below:

S.No.

Major Port

Effective rated capacity

Capacity at desired Occupancy

1.

Paradip

234

164

2.

Kandla

246

174

3.

Visakhapatnam

121

  85

4.

Chennai

134

102

5.

NMPT

  98

  69

6.

JNPT

  88

  74

7.

Mumbai

  78

  55

8.

Tuticorin

  79

 58

9.

Cochin

  74

 54

10.

Ennore

  66

 46

11.

Mormugao

  63

 44

12.

Kolkata

  78

 64

 

1359

989

 

The re-rating exercise has been done in consultation with all Major Ports. The capacity utilization of berths in major ports is reviewed regularly.

Under Project Unnati, the global benchmarks were adopted to improve the efficiency and productivity Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) of major ports. 116 initiatives were identified across all major ports to unlock more than 100 MTPA capacity just through efficiency improvement. 86 initiatives have been implemented so far.

The information was given by the Minister of State for Shipping Shri Pon. Radhakrishnan in written reply to a question in Lok Sabha last week.

The Ports in the East Coast from Visakhapatnam to Chennai are working at 40 per cent of the capacity for the past several years since the industrial centers based in North India find it convenient to transport cargo to the overworked ports in the West Coast.

The Railway infrastructure from the North to Western India is vastly superior with freight trains enjoying separate tracks. The railway infrastructure from North to South is weak and freight trains have to share track with passenger trains. Hence the ports in the East Coast have been denied hinterland support due to the policies of successive government at the Centre said the industry sources in Chennai.

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