The UK Chamber of Shipping has joined other parts of
the transport industry help end the illegal trade of wildlife which reckoned to
be the world's fourth most lucrative crime, valued at up to USD20 billion per
year. The country's shipowners' organisation was among the attendees at last
week's meeting of the United for Wildlife Transport Taskforce at Lancaster
House, continuing the group's work in ending the illicit trade of wildlife
Only drugs, human trafficking and illegal arms sales
are more lucrative to criminals while the trade fuels instability and
criminality in demand and supply countries.
Last year United For Wildlife, which has the Duke of
Cambridge as its president, formed its Transport Taskforce, which engages the
transport industry to save protected species from illegal trade. It is chaired
by former foreign secretary Lord William Hague.
The transport group aims to identify practical and
achievable actions that can be undertaken by industry to prevent the carriage
of wildlife products.
In March 2016, the UK Chamber and certain of its
member companies became early signatories to the Buckingham Palace Declaration,
which forms an action plan to strengthen defences against trafficking. Forty
transport companies from around the world have since signed the agreement.
A big focus of the United for Wildlife's work is
focused on the illegal trade of ivory. The trade was banned in 1989 in response
to concerns over the conservation of elephant populations due to high levels of
poaching. Initially, this led to a decline in elephant poaching in most parts
of Africa and many elephant populations began to increase.
However, the number of elephants being poached for
their ivory began to increase again from 2006, with an even sharper rise in
levels of poaching from 2008 to 2011. Although poaching rates have plateaued
since 2011, United for Wildlife says they remain unacceptably high and
Deterring and preventing the illegal transport of
animal and plant products is one of the top priorities of the UK Chamber's
recently launched Environmental Resolution.
The Resolution is one of the tools the UK Chamber is
employing in its work to gain support from shipping companies to take United
for Wildlife's mission forward.
The Chamber is asking its member companies to sign up
to its Environmental Resolution and demonstrate their commitment to
responsible, sustainable operations and end the carriage of these illegal
products onboard ships.
"This is a cruel and hugely damaging trade that
all those involved in transportation should strive to wipe out," says
David Balston, the UK Chamber's director of policy, who attended this week's
Taskforce meeting. "As stated in the Chamber's Environmental Resolution,
we should have zero tolerance towards this horrid exploitation," he says.
The United for Wildlife Transport Taskforce has
identified two critical needs that will need to be met in order to tackle the
illicit trade of wildlife:
- To develop a
coherent, effective mechanism for shipping companies and airlines to
receive timely alerts about the transport of suspected illegal wildlife
and their products, comprising the modes transport, key routes and
high-risk ports believed to be in use.
- To enhance
industry data systems, including due diligence and risk assessment, to
allow the transport industry and enforcement agencies to screen data and
cargo, which will help identify potential shipments of these illegal
The transport taskforce has been working to develop
and pilot an intelligence clearing house system - in other words, an
"investigative" database - that will consolidate information from
sources like NGOs and pass it on to transport providers. It is hoped this
will help industry detect high-risk cargoes and improve companies' risk
management and due diligence processes in relation to the carriage of illegal