With Readymade garment exports plunging 40.7 per cent on a year-on-year
(yoy) basis to Rs 5,398 crore in October, exporters have blamed the slump on
financial crunch due to the delay in getting GST refunds and reduction in duty
drawback rates under the new regime.
The fall is one of the highest in percentage terms. Garment export was the
worst performing export category in October, data with the Commerce Ministry
Garment exports fell by 39.2 per cent y-o-y in dollar terms to 829.4
million US dollars during the month. "GST is the main reason for the fall
in exports," said a spokesman of Tirupur Exporters' Association (TEA).
The export order bookings for Christmas which reaches the peak this month
every year didn't happen because of the ambiguities relating to GST," he
said. We are in a disadvantageous position against our competitors including
Vietnam and Bangladesh. GST would impact our profit margins by 5-6 per
cent,". Though exports declined between June and August, the drop was not
quite big as October. The exporters could not take advantage of positive trend
in global trade due to serious cash crunch," said A Sakthivel, regional
chairman, Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO), southern region.
Refund claims could not be settled due to system-related issues including the
need for matching various heads of different returns in a majority of the
cases, he said referring to the difficulties faced by the exporters in getting
GST refunds for tax paid on exports during July and August.
The duty drawback for cotton 'T-shirts' was reduced from 7.7 per cent to 2
per cent with the ceiling per piece being brought down from Rs 36 to Rs 9 with
effect from October 1. With the advent of GST, exporters can claim drawback
only for levy of customs.
Incidentally, readymade garment exports increased 4.5 per cent y-o-y in
rupee terms to Rs 59120.7 crore in the first half (H1 or April-September) of
2017-18. Exports gained 8.9 per cent y-o-y in dollar terms to $9.2 billion
during H1 of 2017-18.