In the wake
of high accidents haunting Chittagong port, Interport Maritime Ltd(IML) has
issued loss prevention advisory to ship masters proceeding to Chittagong Outer
Anchorage to carry out ship-to-ship transfer operations. Most of the accidents
have been caused due to the following reasons: 1. Trying to cross the bow of an
anchored vessel while maneuvering to drop anchor or while shifting anchor
position; 2. Arriving at Chittagong Outer Anchorage with excessive draft and
inadequate under-keel clearance (UKC) resulting in dragging of anchor; 3.
Allowing too many lighter vessels alongside at one time resulting in increased
drag and dragging of anchor; 4. Allowing lighter vessels with inadequate
fenders alongside; 5. Failure to keep the engine ready for immediate
maneuvering in case the anchor starts dragging. IML guideline For Master’s
Anchoring At Chittagong Outer Anchorage 1. Anchor at a safe distance from other
vessels at anchorage; 2. If the UKC is less than two meters, there is a
possibility that the vessel will drag anchor.
increases during spring tides and during monsoons when the tide can be strong
as 6 to 7 knots per hour. The vessels draft should ideally be reduced to less
than 10.5 m at Kutubdia before she arrives at Chittagong Outer Anchorage if
safe conditions are to be maintained throughout. Risk of dragging is greatest
when UKC is minimum and the tide changes from low water to high water and the
risk persists until the vessel had been adequately lightened. For vessel’s
lightering with lighter vessels’ alongside the chance of dragging anchor is
even more. As a precaution vessels should use more chains (at least 9 shackles
in the water), keep main engine on standby throughout and keep the number of
lighter vessels’ alongside to minimum.
maneuvering for dropping anchor or for picking pilot vessels should never
attempt to cross other vessel’s bow at a close range. Master should remember
that the current is very strong and the vessel may ride on other’s cable. 5.
Deep draft vessels lightering at Alpha Anchorage should shift to Bravo or
Charlie once they attain required draft to make room for safe anchoring of
newly arrived deep draft vessel. 6. Complete reliance on ECDIS is discouraged,
cross check against up to date paper chart is advised. 7. Ship’s Masters are
required to anchor clear off the prohibited anchorage. 8. Ship’s Master must
not anchor near the river entrance. 9. Ship’s Master must maneouvre with great
care when slowing down for embarking and/ disembarking pilot as the vessel at
low speed may be overcome by the current and start to drift uncontrollably. 10.
Masters should ensure that the lighter vessels provided for STS operation have
adequate fenders and moorings should be attended regularly. Lighter vessels
should be cast off immediately if the weather deteriorates. Cargo Claims In
been considerable increase in the number of vessels calling the port of
Chittagong, resulting in congestion at the Chittagong Outer Anchorage as most
of the vessels carrying bulk cargo discharge their bulk cargoes into the
lighter barges by Ship-to-Ship (STS) transfer operation at outer anchorage.
Last year, average number of vessels lying at anchorage at any time was between
60 and 90. The increase in the number of vessels in an anchorage open to South
West Monsoon, with strong prevailing current (between 4 to 6 knots) and poor
holding ground have contributed to a large number of accidents.
Three anchorage areas,
lettered ‘A’, ‘B’ and ‘C’, at Chittagong Outer Anchorage lie off the entrance
of the Karnaphuli River . The minimum charted depths in each anchorage are
marked on the chart. The general instruction provided by the Port Authority
does not mention the required draft for shifting vessel from Kutubdia to
Chittagong outer Anchorage. Generally, vessels with 10.5 m draft can safely
anchor at Outer Anchorage, but some vessels with higher draft of 11.5 m are
also seen arriving at Outer Anchorage. Most of these vessels are owned and
operated by local owners, who have their own lighter vessels and the vessels
are lightened immediately on arrival, to reduce her draft and reduce risk of