The 12 state owned Major Ports together handled 273.96 million tonnes of
cargo during the first five months of the current financial year (from April to
August 2017) as against 265.31 million tonnes during the corresponding period
of the previous year. The cargo handled at these ports registered an overall
growth of 3.26 per cent.
Seven ports (Kolkata, Paradip, Chennai, Cochin, New Mangalore, Mumbai and
JNPT) registered positive growth in traffic during this period.
The use of technology for modernisation and reforms for enhancing ease of
doing business have been a driving and sustaining growth at the major ports
according to an official release
Cargo traffic handled at the Major Ports
The highest growth was registered by Cochin Port (19.99 per cent), followed
by New Mangalore (13.26 per cent), Paradip (12.57 per cent), Kolkata [incl.
Haldia] (11.45 per cent) and JNPT (6.18 per cent).
Cochin Portís growth was mainly due to increase in POL traffic (27.99 per
cent) and containers (12.79 per cent).
At Kolkata Port, overall growth was positive, i.e. 11.45 per cent. Haldia
Dock Complex (HDC) registered positive growth of 19.08 per cent, mainly due to
increase in iron ore traffic.
During the period April to August 2017, Kandla Port handled the highest
volume of traffic, 43.99 million tonnes (16.06 per cent share), followed by
Paradip with 40.37 million tonnes (14.74 per cent share), JNPT with 27.54
million tonnes (10.05 per cent share), Mumbai with 25.84 million tonnes (9.43
per cent share) and Visakhapatnam with 25.45 million tonnes (9.29 per cent
share). Together, these five ports handled around 60 per cent of Major Port
Commodity-wise percentage share of POL was maximum, i.e. 34 per cent,
followed by container (20.17 per cent), thermal and steam coal (12.82 per
cent), other misc. cargo (12.12 per cent), coking and other coal (7.49 per
cent), iron ore and pellets (6.84 per cent), other liquid (4.29 per cent),
finished fertiliser (1.17 per cent) and FRM (1.10 per cent).
The RFID tagging at gates has been implemented at all ports. This enables
seamless entry-exit of trucks and in-port movement to optimise cargo flow,
besides enhancing security.
Trucks as well as driversí entry-exit is recorded using RFID card system,
doing away with paperwork and thus reducing human interface. This is one of the
steps taken in order to benchmark Major Ports with globally renowned ports.
The Shipping Ministry has also been proactively undertaking legislative
reforms to weed out old obsolete laws and in enhancing connectivity of ports to
improve their efficiency under its Sagarmala Programme.
With India striving to improve its manufacturing competitiveness with Make
in India, the government of India is leaving no stone unturned to make ports
the drivers of socio-economic change and aid the long-term growth trajectory of
The resounding success of the IPO of Cochin Shipyard Ltd is one such
example of the positive investor sentiment. The issue got oversubscribed 76
times. Recently, the RBI report has also acknowledged higher growth in cargo
traffic as well as efficiency gains measured in turnaround time at ports, which
is helping in transforming the economy.