Technological advancement for
modernization of major ports and reforms for enhancing ease of doing business
are driving and sustaining the growth trend line at India’s major ports, said
the Ministry of Shipping. The country’s 12 major ports together
handled 273.96 million tonnes of cargo between April to August, 2017 as against
265.31 million tonnes handled during the corresponding period of previous year,
an overall growth of 3.26 percent.
Seven Ports (Kolkata, Paradip, Chennai,
Cochin, New Mangalore, Mumbai and JNPT) registered positive growth in traffic
during the period April to August 2017.
Cochin Port led the pack with 19.99
percent growth followed by New Mangalore with 13.26 percent, Paradip with 12.57
percent, Kolkata [incl. Haldia] with 11.45 percent and JNPT with 6.18 percent.
Cochin Port growth was mainly due to increase in traffic of POL (27.99 percent)
and Containers (12.79 percent). In Kolkata Port, overall growth was
positive i.e. 11.45 percent. Haldia Dock Complex (HDC) registered positive
growth of 19.08 percent, mainly due to increase in iron ore traffic.
During the period April to August, 2017,
Kandla Port handled the highest volume of traffic i.e. 43.99 million tonnes
(16.06 percent share), followed by Paradip with 40.37 million tonnes (14.74
percent share), JNPT with 27.54 million tonnes (10.05 percent share), Mumbai
with 25.84 million tonnes (9.43 percent share), and Visakhapatnam with 25.45
Million Tonnes (9.29 percent share). Together, these five ports handled around
60 percent of Major Port Traffic.
Indian Port Association
Commodity-wise percentage share of POL
was maximum i.e. 34.00 percent, followed by container (20.17 percent), thermal
& steam coal (12.82 percent), other misc. cargo (12.12 percent), coking
& other coal (7.49 percent), iron ore & pellets (6.84 percent), other
liquid (4.29 percent), finished fertilizer (1.17 percent) and FRM (1.10
The RFID tagging at gates has been
implemented at all ports. This enables seamless entry-exist of trucks and
in-port movement to optimize cargo flow, besides enhancing security. Trucks as
well as drivers’ entry-exist is recorded using RFID card system doing away with
paperwork thus reducing human interface. This is one of the steps taken in
order to benchmark major ports with globally renowned ports.
The ministry has also been proactively
undertaking legislative reforms to weed out old obsolete laws and enhancing
connectivity of ports to improve their efficiency under its Sagarmala