Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) has announced the total
fish landings in the country has increased by 6.6 per cent in 2016 after
recording five years of steady decline in marine fish landings, sources in the
Cochin based institute said.
According to the CMFRI's estimates, the total fish landing in the country
during 2016 weighed a total 3.63 million tonnes compared to the total fish
landing of 3.40 million tonnes the previous year.
Gujarat continues to account the most amount fish landings in the country
with a total catche of 7.74 lakh tonnes, while Tamil Nadu with 7.07 lakh tonnes
came second, followed by Karnataka with 5.29 lakh tonnes.
Though Kerala had observed an 8 per cent increase in total fish catches in
the state 2016, they have slipped to 4th place with recorded landing of 5.23
"One of the reasons for the large huge quantity of fish landing in
Karnataka, which recorded 19.6 percent increase in fish landings, is the use of
CMRFI recorded a significant boost in fish landing in West Bengal with 2.72
lakh tonnes in 2016. In the 2015 West Bengal recorded 1.18 lakh fishes.
Kerala's most common fish species, oil sardine continued to show a
decreasing trend in landings. This year, oil sardine recorded a mere 0.46 lakh
tonnes which is the lowest in the past two decades.
The reasons for the sharp decline in Oil sardine is attributed to the
overfishing that took place in 2011 and 2012. According to CMFRI, the maximum
sustainable yield for Oil sardine landing should be around 2.25 lakh tonnes.
But in 2011 and 2012, Oil sardine landing in Kerala exceeded beyond 4 lakh
tonnes, which is much beyond the threshold limit.
The marine capture fisheries are experiencing more fishing pressure and
there is urgent need to implement control measures to maintain the harvest at a
sustainable level. We have to explore the utilisation of untapped and
unconventional resources to quench the demand.
climate change, particularly the increase in sea surface temperature and mean
sea level rise are factors affecting the marine fisheries. The CMFRI is
currently carrying out research works for developing frameworks to mitigate