A major push has been given to bilateral ties with neighbouring
Bangladesh with the country allowing its premier ports Chattogram (Chittagong)
and Mongla for movement of goods to and from India.
provided under the agreement
Specific amendments were effected to the protocol on Inland water
transit and trade to enable movement of goods in Bangladesh through waterways,
rail, road or multi modal transport.
Eight routes are provided under the agreement which would enable access
to Indian goods to North east region through Bangladesh.
Agreed routes include Chattogram/Mongla
Port to Agartala via Akhura
Port to Dawki via Tamabil
Port to Sutarkandi via Sheola
Port to Srimantpur via Bibirbazar
(and vice versa)
Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade (PIWTT)
PIWTT is for mutually beneficial arrangement for the use of waterways
for commerce and passage of goods between two places in one country through the
territory of the other.
signed in 1972 a year after its liberation from Pakistan
The First protocol between India and Bangladesh was signed in 1972 a
year after its liberation from Pakistan. Present protocol agreement valid up to
6th June 2020, There is provision for automatic renewal after 5
years, co-terminus with Trade Agreement
Specific inland water routes covered under the
existing protocol include
i.Kolkata – Silghat : ~1720 km
ii.Kolkata – Karimganj : ~1318 km
iii.Silghat – Karimganj : ~1416 km
iv. Dhulian – Rajshahi : ~78