TALK TO EXPERTS -19
overleveraged balance sheet of
the developer (To continue……..).
As it is said earlier, a commercially productive,
profitable balance sheet guarantees loan from a bank since the profit enables
the borrower to repay the money to the lender, both a specific part of the
capital and the interest for the loan. In order to obtain a project from the
government, naturally, a developer will present a productive balance sheet to
the banker for loan .
Usually, there will be leverage in any company's or
firm's balance sheet; we saw leverage means borrowed money to hike investment
so that the business volume increases producing greater profits. In finance,
leverage is a measure of a company's debt in relation to its total assets. When
a developer has borrowed heavily to get and execute the project by means of an
overleveraged balance sheet, if the project moves on in a smooth uninterrupted
planned way, the developer will get profits.
A highway project involves too many factors like the cost
of materials, the subcontracts, sometimes, the developer has too many projects
on hand than he can efficiently manage thereby leading to diversion of funds
and so on. And he might have banked hope on revenue generation by collecting
tariff from the commuters. In every aspect of the project there could be
unforeseen problems affecting financial provision leading to interruption in
the execution of the project. More than the provision made in the budget for
escalation of prices, the cost of materials would have skyrocketed throwing
entire plan out of gears; the subcontractor may not be so efficient as he
impressed; tariff collection might have provoked angry protests from the
locals. All these incidents have to damage the execution of the project.
He cannot go in for additional loans from the banks which
will refuse to support him because he has alread not paid dues for more than a
marginal period allowed, dues for the capital and interests on the loan. All
doors are blocked. In the balance sheet, the projected revenue figures do not
match the reality and it happens to be an overleveraged investment, that is,
more of the investment is from the borrowed money which demands interest. In
such a situation if there is a company, it is facing the threat of
bankruptcy; a project by a developer who
has invested in the project through overleveraged balance sheet faces the
imminent fate of intervention in the execution of the project. On the other
hand, if the developer has not shown an overleveraged balance sheet to obtain
financial assistance, his position would be different; there will be some
possibility of raising loans on his own assets.
The situation becomes all the more difficult if the very
economy of the nations is passing through downturn as a result of global
crisis. In total, the developer will not be in a position to pay the loan, the
interest; it would be very near impossible for him to fulfil debt servicing.
The overleveraged investment, steep fall in revenue generation, above all,
the larger condition of economy downturn affecting the trade and commerce at
multilayer level-- all lead to the unproductive state of a project being allowed
to linger on. The government must find ways to solve this riddle.